Communal violence refers to a situation where violence is perpetrated across ethnic lines, and victims are chosen based upon ethnic group membership. The worst affected area of communal violence is South Asia where conflict between ethnic communities results in massacres. Its an mutual aggression, in which members of all involved ethnic groups both perpetrate violence and serve as its victims. Countries worldwide, particularly India is struggling with violence between religious communities for decades. The Religious violence includes acts of violence by followers of one religious group, often in the form of rioting. Despite the secular and religiously tolerant constitution of India, broad religious representation in various aspects of society including the government, is required.
Human rights activism is based, broadly speaking, on one core premise: states have subscribed to universal human rights principles. They should be reflected in the national constitution and detailed in statutory law. Civil society then, in particular human rights organization holds the state accountable for implementing these laws.